1.LET'S TALK ABOUT MOOCs!


GETTING STARTED
The web and social networks are full of statements, interviews and reviews about MOOCs: what they are and what they are not. Recently El Pais Semanal included an interview to Ismael Ruiz, MIT. It is really interesting as it provides some keys to the future: "Risky bets define the future and allow the future to become ours" (Las Apuestas arriesgadas definen el futuro y permiten hacerlo nuestro)

SOME OF THE COUNTLESS REFERENCES
Miquel Duran gathered in one of their blogs several articles about MOOCs appeared on the web, including some comments. This review can be used to ge some idea about the current situation. They can be found in his blog http://edunoming.wordpress.com with the label "mooc" (http://edunoming.wordpress.com/tag/mooc/ )

A GREAT SOURCE: Wikipedia
Wikipedia is becoming a great source of information, which is very relevant, reliable, and very well built by a community of volunteers all around the world. It provides a very good introduction to the world of MOOCs, which is found in: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course

OUR VISION TODAY
In the last months we have participated in meetings and roundtables, and we have given small talks about our vision and experience in MOOCs. We have been collecting items that will be very useful to give you some introductory idea. Our experience mainly comes from participation in other MOOCs, as teachers and two MOOCs platform MiriadaX, "Comunicación Científica 2.0.1, claves para una sociedad digital" and " Descubriendo la química: de la alquimia a las partículas subatómicas"(http://miriadax.net)
In the present we are finishing “Magia, Ciencia y Secretos Confesables”, which is being to be open in the near future also in MiriadaX.net.

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN COURSES ONLINE BUILT WITH MOODLE AND MOOC
You can find a list of differences between a MOOC and what would be a online course built with Moodle. As we are used to work with Moodle, it is important to keep these differences in mind! Of course everything can converge in the future, but right now they are not the same. The list can be found on this wiki, built using Wikispaces tool.
One can think of "how do I virtualize my lectures" and the opposite is "how can I devirtualitze my MOOC course or online course."

EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES CONNECTION WITH THE OPEN KNOWLEDGE
The Khan Academy (http://khanacademy.org) has led to the popularity of the video recorded classes and is somehow related to the world of the MOOC. This is an example of open knowledge (although that does not fit in open source).
The MOOC (remember: "Open") are a way of joining Open Educational Resources, (OER) which someone can generate, reuse, change, etc. ... from someone else work. One can think in OER as the different underground stations, and the MOOC course would be the metro lines. The next course would be taught the dynamics of the subway trains (note: this will need to develop more interesting analogy) You can read more about the OER to the corresponding Wikipedia article. They are also connected with the OCW initiative (Open Courseware) developed by MIT (http://ocw.mit.edu). OER are only part of the so-called Open Knowledge, which also includes the Open Science, Open Publication, Open Access, etc. If you want know more about this initiative you can visit the website of the Open Knowledge Foundation (OKFN).

MOOCs PLATFORMS
There are several platforms for MOOC courses. In theory a MOOC can be mounted on any machine, but the fact of being massive courses do not help. So, if a MOOC is a true massive course, with many concurrent users, it is necessary to have powerful servers to provide information and manage the interaction with all participants. At the same time, we need a high bandwidth because the video is one of the main resources.
The main platforms are:
Coursera, EDX, Udemy or MiriadaX (focused on Latin American public). But it also can be mounted on Google MOOCs (eg UniMOOC AEmprende) on JooMOOC, OpenMOOC etc. And on the same Moodle (https://moodle.org/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=225087)

HISTORY
To learn more about MOOC history (short) it is very instructive the presentation of Albert Sangrà (UOC) "The future of education and online education."

WE AND OUR DIGITAL CIRCUMSTANCES
The world today is moving (also) at digital level, using the Internet efficiently. Our membership to the higher education system does make us use the tools of the internet as a daily thing. There are two main elements that changed in the daily lives, and in fact have made the MOOC are possible:
- The spread of smartphones, thus the mobile technologies and mobile devices
- The easy way to generate contents (photos, video, audio) and how to consume it (more bandwidth), unlimited storage in the cloud (cloud computing)
In short, today we can say that we are linked in some way to the Internet, it is our memory. "I am myself, my computer, my internet connection, my digital archive, my social networks, etc ..."
We put at your disposal module PPT "I am myself and my digital circumstances". There are others similar to SlideShare by Miquel Duran http://slideshare.net/quelgir/presentations

DIGITAL SURVIVAL KIT
Teach a MOOC requires a minimum of knowledge generation tools of digital content, and a minimum of tools of sharing, cooperating and collaborating in the network, ie Web 2.0. So recently we developed a "digital survival kit" as text and video format, which can be useful.